Advanced Search Anthropologists study culture. As a medical anthropologist interested in the role of culture in health care, I have been intrigued by the growing number of articles that point to organizational culture as an important factor related to quality of care [ 1 ].
Plot summary[ edit ] Leyendas de Guatemala is made up of a series of short stories, which transform the oral legends of popular culture into relevant textual manifestations. Both stories emphasize transformation and contrasting elements.
Asturias' main argument is that Guatemala is a nation built on nations and that change is possible. This first introduction is about the reinstitution of the past culture and lost traditions. This discursive strategy marks the complexity of Guatemalan identity that Asturias tried so fervently to understand and delineate in literary terms for most of his life.
This provokes a certain surprise, not to mention a certain The emphasis on the oral qualities of traditional story telling are also evident in this short story. The narrator is telling us about his journey, and his anguish during his delirious night.
This legend narrates a clear struggle between religions. It contrasts Catholicism e. Leyenda del Cadejo[ edit ] Set in the seventeenth century,  this legend illustrates the capacity humanity has to overcome oppression. This character changes names various times in the story.
Eventually she becomes mortified, therefore cutting off her braid, which then turns into a snake. The snake coils around a candle, putting out its flame, and sending the man to hell. These four paths are marked by different colors: Each portion of the soul embarks on a different path on which they each face temptations.
The slave escapes, and the character of the tree, searching for the missing part of his soul eventually finds her.
The Inquisition then intervenes and sentences to kill them. In the end, the beautiful slave escapes the night via the magic of a boat tattooed on her arm by the tree.
On the morning of the execution the only thing the guards find in the prison cell is an old almond tree. He find himself enthralled by the ball and even begins to wonder if it may be affiliated with the devil. He spends countless hours playing with the ball, and when he talks to a woman whose son had lost the ball, and feels pressured to return it, the neighbors claim he appeared to look like the devil.
Thus, in this legend Christian and Maya traditions are combined as the ball equates an element of Maya ritual, but also has the characteristics of a devil. This volcano hides the treasure from the bordering tribes who escaped from the plundering of the Spanish.
There's a list of the squadrons of soldiers, and each one is distinguished by the colors of the feathers they wear. The head of the local Maya brings together those who are to be sacrificed.
The moment of destruction begins as the priests exclaim ritual sentences to the volcano, while the Spaniards "white men" approach.
The tribes are terrified and flee to the lake to protect themselves against the invasion, leaving the treasure behind. Juan Poye is the protagonist of the legend and is a "man-river" that symbolizes fertility and the living. Kukulkan This is the last story in Leyendas, and was written in the form of a play.
It was added to the legends in the second edition. His mother was a school teacher of a mixed background Native American and Spanishand his father, Ernesto Asturias, was a lawyer of Spanish background.
Asturias initially attended law school, but went on to study anthropology and literature. He eventually became a Nobel Prize — winning author. He spent a significant portion of his studies in Paris, France, but also traveled around Latin America. Literary analysis[ edit ] Asturias bases his work on the traditions and legends of his ancestors and tries to provide an accurate representation of Native American culture,  while mixing it with European colonial elements.
His uniqueness is further exemplified by the incapability to categorize his work in any one pre-existing genre of literature,  although some claim Leyendas de Guatemala to be one of the precursors of the magical realism genre. Form and structure[ edit ] Each story in Leyendas is a poem in prose form, where every word matters, and in this manner it transcends a common collection of short stories.
The tales are united by a strong common denominator: Guatemala and Ahora me acuerdo, which serve two distinct purposes. Ahora me acuerdo introduces a narrator who is quite identifiable with the author, while Guatemala sets up the universe in which the legends are going to take place.
The short stories often sound musical, as if they were to be narrated orally,   and the repetition of certain phrases facilitates this.
His work is an evolution from Indigenista literature; it is literature defined by its critical stance against the European domination of Native Americans, however, literature that is still bound to an exotic, stereotypical portrayal of Indigenous Peoples that either leaves them hopeless and dependent on Europeans or advocates change by becoming culturally mixed, mestizo.
Jaeger refers to the critic Lois Parkinson Zamora, who considers Leyendas de Guatemala to be a work that shows an "anxiety of [cultural] origins" that requires Asturias to feel the need to fill the void of knowledge of indigenous culture by looking to the past.
Magical realism[ edit ] According to Francisco Solares-Larrave, the mythical thought process that characterizes the stories of Leyendas de Guatemala should be viewed not from an anthropological perspective, but rather as the root of a new take on reality which characterizes this literature.41 Bjørn Thomassen: Political crimes in the transition to modernity: Anthropological perspectives framework proposed by the Italian linguist, Mario .
Syllabus (printable PDF incl. day-to-day schedule); Course Description. In recent years, Islam has increasingly become the subject of public debate and discourse in the Western World as well as a core research topic in various disciplines in the social sciences. If we consider the likely effects of the out of Africa hypothesis, we would expect that founding African populations not subject to active expansion and migration would have greater genetic diversity and that the genetic makeup of other world populations would come from a subset of the African diversity, consisting of those subgroups who migrated.
Goldsmiths, University of London is in South East London. We offer undergraduate and postgraduate degrees as well as teacher training (PGCE), Study Abroad and short courses.
Start studying cultural anthropology ch 1. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. perspective that attempts to study a culture by looking at all parts of the system and how they are interrelated (but individuals can vary from the norm); tendency towards ethnocentrism; often changes, isn't static.
Anthropology and qualitative research have much to offer those interested in culture and quality, and I hope that more researchers in the future will be motivated to apply these approaches to the understanding of organizational .