The processor card, keyboard, monitor and cassette drive were all mounted in a single metal case. InByte referred to the PET design as "the world's first personal computer". The machine also included a built-in Datassette for data storage located on the front of the case, which left little room for the keyboard.
Print this page Rural life It's all there in popular fiction.
From Jane Austen in the s, via Charles Dickens' pictures of mid century London life, to HG Wells' Time Machine inthe world of literature moved from comedies of country manners to blistering portraits of urban poverty and, finally, time travel.
Not bad for odd years. Although the Industrial Revolution had already begun, Britain in had changed little in centuries. It was a rural country, dominated by agriculture.
For most, the world was restricted to their village - where their family had probably lived for generations - and the nearest market town, not surprising when the fastest thing on earth was a galloping horse, covering miles a day at best.
If you lived in Somerset, London was almost foreign, much as it had been in You wouldn't even have been using the same time - with the sun rising around ten minutes later than in London, Bristol clocks ran ten minutes behind.
Horizons were limited and life was slow. It was horsepower or nothing, and daylight and the seasons ruled the countryside. But all that was about to change. Although the steam engine was first invented in by James Watt, for decades his monopoly had prevented significant development and kept prices high.
It was only in the nineteenth century that the real impact of steam would be fully felt. And what an impact. It was faster, more powerful, and could work independently of natural power sources, such as water. Traction engines saw fields ploughed twenty times faster than before, and factories could be anywhere.
They chose towns and cities. At a time of massive population expansion in Britain from 9 million in to 36 million incities were expanding even faster. Once islands in a sea of fields, needing the agricultural economy to sustain them, they forged ahead as farmworkers made redundant by steam migrated to the nearest town to find work.
Manchester and Sheffield quadrupled between andBradford and Glasgow grew eightfold. Cities were the masters now. The birth of the steam locomotive and the railway networks made it easier and more commonplace.
In the Stockton and Darlington Railway opened, followed by the Liverpool and Manchester Railway five years later. The age of the railway had begun, reducing transport times, lowering transport costs, consuming raw materials and stimulating investment.
The s saw 'railway mania': Soon it was possible to travel from London to Bristol in hours rather than days at speeds of around 60 mph.
But what did this actually mean? Reduced travel times inevitably shrank the country and widened horizons from local to national. The old days of local time as in Bristol jarred with railways that crossed the country and ran to a national timetable, and in the rail companies successfully lobbied Parliament to abolish it.
The edges of Britain were joining up with the centres - the cities.
If rail travel shrank the country, the telegraph crushed it. The spread of railways stimulated communication, and Rowland Hill's standardisation of postal charges in saw a boom in mail services.
But this was nothing compared to the revolution of the telegraph. If you think the internet is big and given you're reading this online the chances are you do then just imagine how much bigger it would seem if you had never before seen a computer or telephone.
That's what the telegraph was to the Victorians. It opened in the s and soon went stratospheric - within ten years exchanging telegrams had become part of everyday life. By the mid s London was connected with New York and ten years later messages could be exchanged between London and Bombay in minutes.
This had vast implications for business and communication. The telegraph marked the start of truly global markets and news. It marked an irreversible acceleration in the pace of commercial and everyday life. New mass communication via the telegraph, newspapers and - from - the telephone meant that the rate of change accelerated further.
New inventions, like the X-ray incould be flashed around the globe in days. The age of media frenzy had arrived.- The market revolution was a time of change, liberation, growth, and of course American ingenuity.
This new kind of revolution brought about many changes in the lives of Americans everywhere. New technology from the steamboat to the telegraph connected the country in a new way.
The market revolution was the antebellum period which was not only a time of profound political change but a great economic and technological innovation. The Industrial Revolution which started in Europe in s produced new invention and techniques of production. May (This essay was originally published in Hackers & Painters.) If you wanted to get rich, how would you do it?
I think your best bet would be to start or join a startup. A Time of Change in the Market Revolution to was a crucial time for American commerce and urbanization that not only had strong economic influences, . Denialists are dead wrong about the science. But they understand something the left still doesn’t get about the revolutionary meaning of climate change.
Misc thoughts, memories, proto-essays, musings, etc. And on that dread day, the Ineffable One will summon the artificers and makers of graven images, and He will command them to give life to their creations, and failing, they and their creations will be dedicated to the flames.