The Psychology of Zero-Sum: For close readers of this blog, some of this material may be familiar, but I welcome comments and suggestions. This is, after all, for publication.
Every person currently living in Western civilization owes an enormous debt to Aristotle who is the fountainhead behind every achievement of science, technology, political theory, and aesthetics especially Romantic art in today's world.
Aristotle's philosophy has underpinned the achievements of the Renaissance and of all scientific advances and technological progress to this very day. Aristotle, the teacher of those who know, defended reason, invented logic, focused on reality, and emphasized the importance of life on earth.
The importance of reality, reason, and logic in Aristotelian philosophy has enabled science and technology to develop and flourish. His philosophy of reason embodied a primacy of existence approach that states that knowledge of the world commences by looking at and examining what exists.
Recognizing the validity of man's senses, Aristotle taught that men can increase their knowledge by augmenting the evidence of the senses through reason i.
He explained that conceptualization should be preceded by inductive observation in our efforts to understand the world.
Reason is competent to know reality but it is necessary to begin with what exists in the world. Aristotle teaches that each man's life has a purpose and that the function of one's life is to attain that purpose.
He explains that the purpose of life is earthly happiness or flourishing that can be achieved via reason and the acquisition of virtue.
Articulating an explicit and clear understanding of the end toward which a person's life aims, Aristotle states that each human being should use his abilities to their fullest potential and should obtain happiness and enjoyment through the exercise of their realized capacities.
He contends that human achievements are animated by purpose and autonomy and that people should take pride in being excellent at what they do. According to Aristotle, human beings have a natural desire and capacity to know and understand the truth, to pursue moral excellence, and to instantiate their ideals in the world through action.
Metaphysics and Epistemology Aristotle espouses the existence of external objective reality. For Aristotle, the existence of the external world and of men's knowledge of it is self-evident. He contends that the basic reality upon which all else depends is the existence of individual entities. He insists upon an independent existing world of entities or beings and that what exists are individuals with nothing existing separately from them.
For Aristotle, the ontologically ultimate is the individual. The basic laws of being, or first principles of reality, in Aristotle's metaphysics, are the philosophical axioms or laws of non-contradiction, identity, and excluded middle.
According to Aristotle, these presuppositions or assumptions govern, direct, or command scientific explanation. For Aristotle, causality is a law inherent in being qua being.
To be is to be something with a specific nature and to be something with a specific nature is to act according to that nature. The ideas of identity, non-contradiction, and causality underpin the fundamentals of science and are basic principles of Aristotelian philosophy.
Aristotle heralds the role of reason in a proper human life. He examines the nature of man and his functions and sees that man survives through purposeful conduct which results from the active exercise of man's capacity for rational thought.
The ability to reason separates man from all other living organisms and supplies him with his unique means of survival and flourishing. It is through purposive, rational conduct that a person can achieve happiness. For Aristotle, a being of conceptual consciousness must focus on reality and must discover the knowledge and actions required if he wants to fully develop as a human person.
Aristotle is a this-worldly metaphysician who avowedly rejects mysticism and skepticism in epistemology. His view is that human nature is specific and definite and that there is some essence apparent in each and every person and object.
An advocate of this-worldly cognition, Aristotle's theory of concepts was reality-oriented.Ø The unmistakable argument of the fairy tale is that Cinderella lives “happily ever after” in part because of her piety.
Ø Another characteristic that enables Cinderella to marry the prince and secure a . Pro-life Catholics, for their part, can find some stirring words on the subject in the very same sources they rely on for guidance about the inviolable dignity of human life.
attheheels.com is a legal online writing service established in the year by a group of Master and Ph.D. students who were then studying in UK. On moral philosophy, in the wide sense, have been grafted the philosophy of law, the philosophy of society, or social philosophy (which is much the same as sociology), and the philosophies of .
Dr. FUN’s Mass Media Love Quiz© is a valuable tool in media analysis and criticism that has been used by thousands of students, educators, and media literacy advocates. The history of Christian anarchism includes the Heresy of the Free Spirit in the Middle Ages, numerous Peasant revolts and the Anabaptists in the 16th century.
The libertarian tradition within Christianity surfaced again in the 18th century in the writings of William Blake and the American Adam Ballou reached anarchist conclusions in his Practical .