As the prevalence of genetically modified organisms GMOs continues to rise, there has been an increasing public interest for information concerning the safety of these products. Concerns generally focus on how the GMO may affect the environment or how it may affect the consumer. One specific concern is the possibility for GMOs to negatively affect human health. This could result from differences in nutritional content, allergic response, or undesired side effects such as toxicity, organ damage, or gene transfer.
I am going to borrow these terms in an entirely metaphorical way to name the two fundamental forces in which I live my life as a professor of literature.
The strong force is technology, not to be understood as this or that machine, or this or that branch of machinery, but as the entire organized and interdependent ensemble dictating the technicization of everyday life, from politics, economics, and bureaucratic administration, to the media, advertising, fast food, transportation, and tourism.
The technical-experimental state of mind dominates contemporary education, from the earliest grades through the university. Over the past century the technological system has gradually become so intrinsic and all-pervasive that, like the air we breathe or the purloined letter, it often seems invisible.
Either we mystify its presence as in so many Hollywood spectaculrs, or we tend to think of it as neutral, a mere means towards freely chosen ends, and not an end in itself which uses persons as its means.
Technology, the strong force, is the central feature of modern life. The weak force is essentially what I like to teach, literature. These two forces intersect in my daily life at the English department. Let me compare a visit to our departmental office fifteen years ago and one today.
Then, there were three secretaries and seven machines typewriters, telephones, a mimeograph. Now, there are three and a half secretaries and forty-two machines word processors, copiers, printers, scanners, fax machines, portable phones, a microwave —so many machines that the office next door was taken over to house them.
Then, there were faculty gossip and the occasional discussion of literature. Then, with its casual clutter of books and some old dusty plants, the office looked like an academic department.
Now, when it no longer looks like itself, it ironically looks like so much else: One morning it reminded me of the Mir Space Station, which by chance I had just seen on the news; technological society does not know the horror of mixing.
These events, I believe, are not unrelated. Technology is above all for use; if you have it, you use it. A recent faculty memorandum came to me via a fax machine from the Senate Office. It had been beamed up to a satellite a couple of hundred miles above the earth and back again; yet the Senate Office and the English department are next door to each other in the same building.
I asked myself, what earlier forms of communication did such technological overkill replace: Face-to-face contact has been replaced by face-to-machine contact. People who raise the faintest objections to technology are branded as Luddites. Technology, however, can no longer be understood in terms of single machines; it is the system in which we live and move and have our being.
There is no question of "going back. I do not want to evoke pastoral nostalgia or to dream of a lost wholeness: Such indulgence may be compared to reading old travelogues about a lovely country whose face has been scored by modernity.
Yet it may be instructive to trace the recent histories of these strong and weak forces, technology and literature, and their convergence in the present moment, though "convergence" may suggest an equality of opportunity that they do not enjoy.The Man Who Taught Donald Trump To Pit Gay People Against Immigrants.
Geert Wilders spent years arguing that Islam threatened gay rights in the country that gave marriage equality to the world. Article PDF. Introduction. The early s marked the first publications both in English studies and communication studies to address lesbian and gay issues.
SABC (South Africa) December 27, Burnt initiates taken to hospital. Three initiates who were burnt at an initiation school in Matatiele in the Eastern Cape have been taken to hospital.
I vote against this. If we make this website about video games, entertainment, and sports it runs the risk of becoming just another website.
If you want to read about video games go to a . The best opinions, comments and analysis from The Telegraph. T he more I pored over yearly surveys of teen attitudes and behaviors, and the more I talked with young people like Athena, the clearer it became that theirs is a generation shaped by the.