This appears to be a false or perhaps a misleading dichotomy, as many would argue that some forms of opposition to the state of Israel do not express anti-Semitism in any manner. The phrase "closely associated with the left" can be read more than one way, and I perhaps erroneously assumed the less charitable interpretation [this is clarified below, in point i ]. Sorry for the outburst.
Anti-Semitism and the Holocaust Though external to the Jewish tradition, the phenomenon of anti-Semitism is central to the Jewish experience.
With the rise of Christianity—first an offshoot of Judaism, then a more formal competitor in the Roman world—anti-Jewish hostility was given strength through some interpretations of New Testament writings, including the Gospels of John and Matthew in John Such writings, although unique to their own context, authorship, and socio-political perspective, would lay the foundation for centuries of negative stereotyping.
The image of the Jew as a traitorous sinner and killer of Christ was later embellished with ethnocentric and racist accusations of Jewish economic exploitation, well-poisoning, child-killing, sexual depredation, conspiring for world domination, and other baseless claims.
The equating of Jews with evil practices continued through the European Enlightenment and the post-Emancipation period. In response to the civil equality granted the Jews, anti-Jewish reactionaries questioned the wisdom of opening the doors of society to such a non-assimilated community; they accused the Jews of disloyalty and of creating a state within the state.
Toward the end of the century, a new political movement gave an extreme answer: The movement reached a climax at the end of the nineteenth century with the Dreyfus Affair in France, an incident in which a French Jewish military captain was framed for espionage, and the publication of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, a Russian forgery circulated as the minutes of a meeting in which Jews conspired to take over the world.
Though anti-Semitic fervor declined for a time at the beginning of the twentieth century, anti-Semitism would soon return with greater force. The defeat of Germany in World War I and resulting submission at Versailles created a degraded German economy and struggling society.
Anti-Semites in Germany soon began to lay the weight of these plights at the feet of the German Jewish community. Throughout their history, Jews had suffered periodic persecutions, expulsions, and even massacres, but nothing could prepare them for the Nazi onslaught.
During the s the new German regime enacted a series of debilitating anti-Jewish laws, essentially revoking the European emancipation of the previous century. In the end, over six million Jews were killed, roughly two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe or one out of every three Jews in the world.
In Poland and Lithuania, where centuries of Jewish life and culture came to an abrupt end, 90 percent of the Jewish community was killed. While many economic, social, and political factors influenced the rise of the Nazi party and the widespread genocide of the Holocaust, European anti-Semitism played a key role.
Jews today continue to live with anti-Semitism and the Holocaust, which has reached a central place in Jewish history and belief.
Historians of Judaism and European history have written countless texts and arguments interpreting the Holocaust.
Jewish community leaders and politicians are vigilant in fighting contemporary manifestations of anti-Semitism, so that such a cataclysm will never happen again. Even non-Jewish social activists apply the lessons of the Holocaust to other cases of inhumanity in the world today. And countless Jewish homes and synagogues balance remembrance of the Holocaust with the joy and celebration of building a renewed spiritual life around the rich customs and traditions of the Jewish community.ADL identified 1, anti-Semitic incidents perpetrated throughout the United States in , an increase of 57% increase over Modern 'scientific' anti-Semitism is the offspring of such men as Count de Gobineau and Houston Stewart Chamberlain.
It was the Tsarist circles that organized the Black Hundreds and employed the. Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge Volume 7 Issue 2Historicizing Anti-Semitism Article 2 Global Anti-Semitism in World-Historical.
Anti-Semitism and the Holocaust Though external to the Jewish tradition, the phenomenon of anti-Semitism is central to the Jewish experience. In the early Diaspora, Jews’ unusual monotheism, iconoclastic approach, and communal coherence often evoked .
This introduction to the Spring issue of Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge begins with a discussion of "The Articulation and Re-Articulation of Anti-Semitism" in a world-historical perspective, focusing on such topics as "Anti-Semitism in the Longue-Durée.
Absolute opposition to Israel’s existence increases anti-Semitism’s cultural and political reach and impact. Indeed, if anti-Semitism is a fundamental condition of possibility for unqualified opposition to the Jewish state, then anti-Zionism is anti-Semitism’s moral salvation, its perfect disguise, its route to legitimation.