The institute uses plant and animal models to conduct research in such areas as the genetic control of growth and development, gene expression, signal transduction, structural and functional genomics, biotechnology, molecular breeding, bioinformatics and systems biology. It aims to develop key technologies in these areas. It also aims to foster innovation in the fields of modern agriculture and population health. Researchers have already made significant contributions to biosafety, water-saving agriculture and agronomics, focusing on crop productivity and quality improvements.
The fight over the next Green Revolution has just begun. By Andrew Curry Wednesday, March 13, Belgian police subdue protesters in a field of genetically modified crops near Ghent, It was a clear, warm Saturday night, and the acre farm was lit by a half moon.
Moving quickly, the men surrounded the night watchman. Shining their flashlights in his face and threatening him with pepper spray and clubs, they frisked him, took his flashlight and keys, and smashed his cell phone. Then they headed directly for their target, a potato patch the size of a tennis court.
Within minutes, the potatoes—part of a research project run by the nearby University of Rostock to see if rabbit vaccines and plastic polymers could be grown in plants—had been ripped out of the ground or trampled.
Two nights later, at a farm miles to the south, the scene repeated itself almost exactly. As police cars sped toward the farm, the raiders melted into the night. Uwe Schrader points out genetically modified crops damaged in a raid.
But instead of targeting corporate greed, these raids signaled something else: The wrecked potato trials, proof-of-concept experiments funded with public money and years away from any commercial application, were sponsored by university biology departments.
American farmers, on the other hand, planted million acres of transgenic crops last year; 93 percent of the soy grown in the U. Brazil and Argentina grow tens of millions of acres of genetically modified cotton, soy, and corn. India is climbing onto the GMO bandwagon as well. For the labs that started it all, the impact has been devastating.
Since his first arrest, inGrolm has spent more than a month in jail, for everything from trespassing and contempt of court to refusing to pay token fines. Michael Grolm, beekeeper and activist Benjamin Todtman I meet Grolm at Tonndorf Castle, a dilapidated stone fortress on top of a hill near Erfurt, where he lives communally with about 60 other people.
If I were a scientist that really wanted to study this, what would I do? He smiles and leans back on the couch. Many see no need: There's enough here for everyone! The world is fast approaching a breaking point.
Already at 7 billion, the global population is expected to increase by 2 billion to 3 billion in the next 40 years before leveling off. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations estimates that bythe world will need to produce 70 percent more food, including an additional billion tons of cereals, to keep up with population growth.
We have been here before. In the years after World War II, basic principles of public health and sanitation dramatically extended life expectancy around the world.
One consequence was an equally dramatic shortfall in food supplies. One man had a lot to do with changing that. Norman Borlaug in Mexico, The world went from food shortage to food surplus; meanwhile, its population more than doubled.
Admirers called these breakthroughs the Green Revolution.
But not everyone was pleased. The new crop strains were dependent on mechanization, controlled irrigation, and artificial, petroleum-based fertilizers for their astonishing productivity, making it hard for small farmers to compete and dramatically increasing the use of pesticides.
In many cases, the hybrid seeds had to be repurchased from seed companies each year, helping to turn a handful of American and European seed breeders into corporate giants.
The excesses of the Green Revolution were decried by activists from the start.
Inwhen Borlaug was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, he suggested that the search for more productive crops was never-ending. The breakthrough heralding the new age came from Belgium, where Ghent University biologists Marc van Montagu and Jeff Schell were studying a bacterium called Agrobacterium tumefaciens.
Shaped like a tiny pill, the bacterium lives in the soil and causes infected plants to grow what amount to plant tumors, often called crown galls.corn genetics chi square analysis In this exercise, you will examine an ear of corn and determine the type of cross and genes responsible for the coloration and texture of the corn kernels like the one show below.
Discover Labster's award winning virtual lab catalog with over 55 simulations in Biology, Chemistry and Medicine (and many more to come!). Funding provided by grant from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Precollege Science Education Initiative for Biomedical Research.
MIT Media Lab researchers have created a new imaging system that can acquire visual data at a rate of one trillion frames per second. That's fast enough to produce a slow-motion video of light tra. The U.S. Department of Energy's Genomic Science program (formerly Genomics:GTL) uses microbial and plant genomic data, high-throughput analytical technologies, and modeling and simulation to develop a predictive understanding of biological systems behavior relevant to .
Genetics is the future and the past.
The history and the promise of every organism is written in its DNA. Geneticists are leading one of the major scientific revolutions of humankind, delving into the distant past and providing an unprecedented understanding of the biological world.