Although you should use these citation formats in this and other biology courses, specific formats vary considerably for individual journals. If you are trying to publish a paper in a specific journal, you will be required to follow the format of that journal. That system will not be presented here, but you should expect to encounter it in your reading of the literature.
When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. Electronic Sources Web Publications Summary: MLA Modern Language Association style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.
This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook 8th ed. It is always a good idea to maintain personal copies of electronic information, when possible. It is good practice to print or save web pages or, better, use a program like Adobe Acrobat to keep your own copies for future reference.
Also, you might use the Bookmark function in your web browser in order to return to documents more easily.
It is not required to do so but especially encouraged when there is no copyright date listed on a website. Because web addresses are not static i. However, MLA only requires the www. Many scholarly journal articles found in databases include a DOI digital object identifier.
If you can find a permalink, use that instead of a URL.
Use these in place of the p. Not every Web page will provide all of the following information. However, collect as much of the following information as possible both for your citations and for your research notes: Title of the website, project, or book in italics.
Any version numbers available, including editions ed. Publisher information, including the publisher name and publishing date. Take note of any page numbers p.
URL without the https: Date you accessed the material Date Accessed —While not required, it is highly recommended, especially when dealing with pages that change frequently or do not have a visible copyright date. Remember to cite containers after your regular citation.
Examples of containers are collections of short stories or poems, a television series, or even a website.
A container is anything that is a part of a larger body of works. Use the following format: Title of container self contained if bookOther contributors translators or editorsVersion editionNumber vol. Citing an Entire Web Site It is a good idea to list your date of access because web postings are often updated, and information available on one date may no longer be available later.
When using the URL, be sure to include the complete address for the site except for the https: Editor, author, or compiler name if available. Date of access if applicable. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue U, 28 Nov. Accessed 10 May Course or Department Websites Give the instructor name.
Then list the title of the course or the school catalog designation for the course in italics. Give appropriate department and school names as well, following the course title.If only one reference is included on the page, the title of the page should be “Work Cited.” If there are multiple references, title the page as “Works Cited.” Whether you’re making an MLA work cited page or an MLA works cited page, the title should be aligned in the center of the document, one inch below the top edge of the paper.
Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles. Now supports 7th edition of MLA.
Writing Website In-Text Citations and References Luckily, writing the in-text citation for a website or webpage is easy: Simply include the author and year of publication. The URL goes in the corresponding reference list entry Rose on Writing Website In-Text Citations and References;.
"How to Write a Bibliography for a Website" accessed September 20, attheheels.com Copy Citation Note: Depending on which text editor you're pasting into, you might have to add the italics to the site name.
MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. If you have cited more than one work by a particular author, order the entries alphabetically by title, and use three hyphens in place of the author's name for every entry after the first: Reference List.
If I reference an author who has been cited in another source, who do I add to the reference list? Citing the work of an author who you have read in someone else's work is called a secondary reference.