Please see the April 19,revised version of this article at Writing Dates and Times. The following examples apply when using dates:
It is not usually necessary to add lines to avoid widowed or orphaned headings meaning headings at the bottom of a page; though ask your professor to be sure if you are concerned about typesetting, such as with a dissertation.
If your paper requires a section not addressed in this post or in the Publication Manual, then we recommend you use double spacing unless you have been instructed otherwise. For example, if your dissertation or thesis requires a table of contents including lists of tables and figuresthen we recommend that you generate it using an automatic table of contents function such as the one in Microsoft Word.
The default spacing of the table of contents function is acceptable, as is changing the spacing of the table of contents to double if desired.
Posted by Chelsea Lee at Do I have to present the quotation in both the original language and in translation, or do I present only the original or only a translation?
How do I cite these quotes? Dear reader, Before we dig into the foreign-language aspects of this question, read the blog post on how to discuss research participant data in generalincluding how to present participant quotations that do not require translation and how to assign pseudonyms to participants.
That post also explains the rationale for why research participant quotations do not have typical APA Style citations and reference list entries. Now, presenting a research participant quotation that was originally in a foreign language is largely the same as presenting a quotation that does not require translation.
You have the option of presenting just a translation of the quotation or of presenting both the original and the translation. You might choose to present both languages if you want to draw attention to how something was said in the foreign language e. Otherwise, presenting just the translation is fine.
We do not recommend presenting the original without a translation, as your readers might not understand it! Place quotations of less than 40 words in quotation marks, and place quotations of 40 words or more in a block quotation.
After the foreign-language quotation, place an English translation of the quotation in square brackets.
However, there is no citation per se, for two reasons: Here are two examples: Short quotation in translation: Long quotation in translation: Now I understand my purpose better.
I am more focused and motivated. At the same time, I understand that my choice is not for everyone. Present quotations of fewer than 40 words in quotation marks and quotations of 40 words or more in a block quotation, and attribute the quotation to a pseudonym.AP Style Measurements Use Arabic numberals for weight and dimensions and spell out the unit of measurement.
The man was 6 feet tall and the dog weighed 17 pounds. If you have additional questions about how to write about grades in APA Style, leave a question in the comments section. Posted by APA Style at AM in Announcements, Pub Manual help | Permalink | Comments (2) | the sample papers are also accessible online via our “Best of the APA Style Blog” post).
I ramble a ton, and like Bill it’s not to be egotistical or for filler (typically), it’s just that is how I’ve always written. I actually do write with a personal style, but part of my personal style IS my rambling. Rule 4a is understood, but if I have to define such a rule for a table with times, would I write PM for noon and AM for midnight?
or would it be PM for noon and O AM for midnight. Thanks again for you answer.
rotc, uss iowa, gop, nbc osu, aclu, ap, upi, edt, now, naacp, nasa Note that in direct quotation, periods and commas are always placed inside the closing quotation marks: "I'm buying a doormat," Vandross said. AP warns against redundancies in your writing such as“10 a.m.
this morning.” For instance, Wrong: We have breakfast planned for 10 a.m. Monday morning. Correct: We have breakfast planned for 10 a.m. Monday. Correct: We have breakfast planned for Monday at 10 a.m.
Unlike Chicago Style, AP Style time of day does not require zeros after even hours.