Transcript In June, Nigeria started exporting yam to Europe and the United States, as part of its move to curb its addiction to oil. The government believes that yam exports will generate some six billion dollars every year, and create thousands of new jobs, helping diversify the economy. But things are not that simple. Though Nigeria is the biggest yam producer in the world, an estimated 30 percent of the production rots away.
Ethnic division[ edit ] The civil war can be connected to the British colonial amalgamation in of Northern and Southern Nigeria.
Intended for better administration due to the close proximity of these protectorates, the change did not account for the great difference in the cultures and religions of the peoples in each area.
After the amalgamation, oil was discovered in Eastern Nigeria now Southern Nigeria. Competition for its associated wealth led to the struggle for control amongst the regions.
As southern Nigeria was not as united as the north, it was disadvantaged in the power struggle. Yakubu Gowon emerged as the head of state. During his tenure, killing of Easterners in the north continued; several retaliatory actions took place, eventually resulting in the Biafran war.
More than fifty years earlier, the United Kingdom had carved an area out of West Africa containing hundreds of different ethnic groups and unified it, calling it Nigeria. Although these groups have their own homelands, by the s, the people were dispersed across Nigeria, with all three ethnic groups represented substantially in major cities.
When the war broke out inthere were still 5, Igbos in Lagos. This Sultan was regarded as the source of all political power and religious authority. The Yoruba political system in the southwest, like that of the Hausa-Fulani, also consisted of a series of monarchs, the Oba. The Yoruba monarchs, however, were less autocratic than those in the North.
The political and social system of the Yoruba accordingly allowed for greater upward mobilitybased on acquired rather than inherited wealth and title. In contrast to the two other groups, the Igbo in the southeast lived mostly in autonomous, democratically organised communities, although there were eze or monarchs in many of the ancient cities, such as the Kingdom of Nri.
In its zenith the Kingdom controlled most of Igbo land, including influence on the Anioma peopleArochukwu which controlled slavery in Igboand Onitsha land. Unlike the other two regions, decisions within the Igbo communities were made by a general assembly in which men and women participated.
The Hausa-Fulani commoners, having contact with the political system only through a village head designated by the Emir or one of his subordinates, did not view political leaders as amenable to influence.
Political decisions were to be submitted to. As with all other authoritarian religious and political systems, leadership positions were given to persons willing to be subservient and loyal to superiors.
A chief function of this political system in this context was to maintain conservative values, which caused many Hausa-Fulani to view economic and social innovation as subversive or sacrilegious.
In contrast to the Hausa-Fulani, the Igbo often participated directly in the decisions which affected their lives. They had a lively awareness of the political system and regarded it as an instrument for achieving their personal goals. Status was acquired through the ability to arbitrate disputes that might arise in the village, and through acquiring rather than inheriting wealth.
These tradition-derived differences were perpetuated and perhaps enhanced by the British system of colonial rule in Nigeria.
In the North, the British found it convenient to rule indirectly through the Emirs, thus perpetuating rather than changing the indigenous authoritarian political system. Christian missionaries were excluded from the North, and the area thus remained virtually closed to European cultural imperialism.
By contrast the richest of the Igbo often sent their sons to British universities, thinking to prepare them to work with the British. During the ensuing years, the Northern Emirs maintained their traditional political and religious institutions, while reinforcing their social structure.Niger minister of defense tells VOA militant groups pose serious threat and could infiltrate the country if preemptive measures are not taken.
The UK Labour party on Wednesday pledged to “take action” against a Jewish MP who called party leader Jeremy Corbyn an “anti-Semite and a racist.”.
Setting up a security company There is a huge demand for private security in Nigeria. The country is currently besieged with insecurity.
As the government battle to improve the security situation in the country, individuals and corporate entities are now becoming aware of the fact that security is not the responsibility of the government alone; it is a collective responsibility.
The Nigerian Civil War, – , was an ethnic and political conflict caused by the attempted secession of the South-eastern provinces of Nigeria as the self-proclaimed republic of Biafra.
Recent and archived work by Michiko Kakutani for The New York Times. Denmark is considered to be the happiest country in the world and with good reason. The people of Denmark and the country itself are peaceful, educated, and practice moral attitude.