Mason Any historical investigation into the lives of ancient women involves individual interpretation and much speculation. One can read the ancient sources concerned with women and their place in society, but to a large degree, they are all secondary sources that were written by men about women. No ancient journals or personal diaries written by Roman women were uncovered, so it is not known what their hopes and dreams were, or if they had any. What Roman women felt about most political issues and the numerous wars and upheavals is also a mystery.
The role that women performed in Iron Age Celtic societies was most likely similar to that of other societies in the past as daughters, wives, mothers and priestesses.
The idea that Celtic women could also be queens and Roman woman profile essay of war bands, might not come as a surprise to modern historians, but to the Greek and Roman men who witnessed and recorded the exploits of these women it was considered abnormal for them to act publically and autonomously.
No ancient journals or personal diaries written by Roman women were uncovered, so it is not known what their hopes and dreams were, or if they had any. What Roman women felt about most political issues and the numerous wars and upheavals is also a mystery. She lived an uncommon life for a Roman woman, but Pomeroy’s recount of her story shows a Roman woman’s life compared to a Greek woman’s life and how different they’d become in a short time. Women in ancient Rome were never completely subordinate to the men in their society like Greek women were, but they were oppressed. Shaving Profile Essay; Shaving Profile Essay. Words Nov 18th, 5 Pages. Roman Woman Profile The sculpture that we have observed has been dated to the first half of the first century C.E. This places the portrait during the Julio-Claudian period in Roman history. From the information we have gathered about the time period, the woman.
The primary source documents from historians Gaius Julius Caesar and Publius Cornelius Tacitus will provide the majority of literary evidence for this study, with supporting evidence from the works of Strabo, Plutarch, Polybius, Cassius Dio and Diodorus Siculus also considered.
In addition to the literary evidence, Celtic, Roman and Germanic art and archaeology of the Iron Age will be consulted to provide to support or refute the claims of ancient writers where available. Throughout this study recourse will be made to Boudicca of the Iceni as the ancient sources provide a record of her performing most of the roles assessed.
The role of women in the most basic sense comes down to mothers and daughters and though it is difficult to determine which should come first, this essay will begin with Celtic and Germanic women as daughters.
As daughters, Celtic and Germanic women can fit into almost all of the roles assessed by this study.
It can be suggested that Celtic and Germanic women were in a position to assist their families in regards to politics and community. The most well-known of Celtic daughters, are those of Queen Boudicca and King Prasutagus of the British Iceni tribe, who had, since the invasion in AD43 become clients on behalf of the whole tribe to the emperor of Rome.
According to Tacitus, when Prasutagus died, in an effort to control the future of his family and tribe, he bequeathed half of his estate to his daughters and the remainder to the Roman emperor Nero.
Another aspect of Celtic daughters aiding the position of their family is via political alliances gained through inter-tribal marriages, which places Celtic and Germanic women in the role of wives. To Caesar, this study owes its knowledge of Celtic inter-tribal marriage. In the Gallic Wars Caesar describes a network of inter-tribal alliances existing between the Aedui and other tribes of Gaul through the marriages of female relatives.
Of famous British wives Tacitus provides source information for not only Boudicca but also the only surviving literary source for Cartimandua of the Brigantes.
Although both Celtic women were Queens and the wives of male Britons, there is a difference in the way which Tacitus reports on their status as wives. In regards to Boudicca, he introduces her to his narrative as the wife widow of Prasutagus and mother to his children, before any other role she may be responsible for is presented.
In the case of Cartimandua however, he depicts her as a wife because she has two husbands or consorts, although not at the same time. Support for the idea of the sexual freedom of British women can been seen in the discourse of Caesar on Britons.
Caesar, Gallic Wars, 1. Bohn, MobileRefence ebook. He then goes on to qualify that the aforementioned wife-sharing usually takes place within a familiar unit, brother and fathers sharing wives. The first is that British women, when they married a particular man, become the property of his family to be shared around at the leisure of the men.
The second interpretation is that British women had more sexual freedom than Roman men are used to, thereby exercising their choice on the men closest to them on a daily basis and Caesar misunderstood what he was witnessing.
Of Germanic marriage gifts, Tacitus has something to say. Suggesting that Germanic wives are less of a possession to their husbands he describes their dower rules of Germanic man bestowing on their wife to be certain marriage gifts believed to represent a partnership in life symbolised by work and weapons.
Caesar also describes a sum of money which the men and women of Gaul each bring to their marriages, which may symbolise partnership. Tacitus describes German men and women as being chaste until they made their marital match and excepting in the case of sovereignty where more 7 Caesar, Gallic Wars, 5: With his praise of Germanic chastity and faithfulness it can be suggested that Tacitus means to highlight in irony the opposite behaviour of Romans in relation to marriage.
On the subject of the marital faith of Celtic wives, both Polybius and Plutarch have a story to relate in regards to Chiomara the wife Ortiagon of the Galations. One role which may have been considered extraordinary to ancient writers was that of queen-ship.
Students of Caesar experience a lack of information on the extraordinary actions of women as queens in Gaul because he appears to only mention women in relation to the actions of men. This may be because there were no extraordinary women in Gaul or because Caesar did not deem women a subject worth relating.
While there may have been no queens worth mentioning in Gaul, Tacitus describes the exploits of two famous British Queens. Cartimandua, apparently a friend to Rome was the queen of a peaceful Brigantes in her own right.The exact role and status of women in the Roman world, and indeed in most ancient societies, Unlike some other ancient cultures such as the Greeks who had formed a creation myth where woman was a creature secondary to man and, more specifically, in the form of Pandora.
Roman Culture The Past And Present History Essay. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: The Ancient Roman Culture had several intriguing traits that played not only a significant role in ancient literature but also a big role in the world and in cultures soon to come.
The exact role and status of women in the Roman world, and indeed in most ancient societies, has often been obscured by the biases of both ancient male writers and th century CE male scholars, a situation only relatively recently redressed by modern scholarship which has sought to more objectively assess women's status, rights, duties, representation in the arts, and daily lives; and all this from .
Tacitus reports on the deeds of Celtic and Germanic women, but only when they were great or in opposition to the deeds of Roman women.
However when the writings of both men are considered in conjunction with the works of other Iron Age historians it becomes possible to theorize about the function of both Celtic and Germanic men and women in relation to each other. - The Tragically Paradoxical Role of Women in Ancient Roman Society In nervous preparation for the essay section of my history final, I found myself fascinated by Livy’s anecdotes concerning the common thread of violence against women.
Roman Woman Profile - Roman Woman Profile The sculpture that we have observed has been dated . In the ancient Roman culture, women played prominent roles.
Ideally, a woman in Roman society’s right to act independently was restricted by legal norms, but in reality, women found ways to influence home life, marriage, and overall society.