The Hertzog government achieved a major goal in when the British Parliament passed the Statute of Westminster, which removed the last vestiges of British legal authority over South Africa. The Bantu Homelands Citizenship Act of made every black South African, irrespective of actual residence, a citizen of one of the Bantustans, thereby excluding blacks from the South African body politic. Four of the Bantustans were granted independence as republics, and the remaining had varying degrees of self-government; but all remained dependent, both politically and economically, on South Africa. The dependence of the South African economy on nonwhite labour, though, made it difficult for the government to carry out this policy of separate development.
I wrote this paper in April and May ofjust months before I went to study in Durban, South Africa for the rest of that year. Since then, I have read even more broadly on South Africa and wrote my senior thesis on South Africa.
The clarifications I must make have to do with the conclusions that some might take away from this article.
While, I am pleased that any one would read my writing and take away anything from my arguments, I feel I must refine my argument in the context of the overall scene in South Africa in the s.
First, sanctions were not the cause of the end of apartheid in South Africa. While I make a semi-persuasive argument in my paper, the point of the argument is whether they were effective. I conclude that they did have a discernable impact. At the time I believed my paper was fairly watertight in its conclusions, but further reading and discussions with historians and South Africans have made me question that I perhaps overstated the effects on apartheid played by sanctions by not acknowledging other factors.
Here are two important parts that I missed in the case of the firstor did not understand in its full context the second but now believe they are important contributing factors. I strongly urge you to read Playing the Enemy by John Carlin. The importance of the ban on South Africa from international competition is a factor that I knew nothing about and thus fail to mention in my original paper.
While I touch on the isolation that South Africans were feeling due to world pressure and the vitriol that was directed at them when they traveled overseas, when rugby is added to this dimension it takes on an entirely new importance.
Unless you have lived in South Africa or interacted with South Africans it is difficult to comprehend how sport plays such a large part in their lives.
While Americans and Britons can relate in particular instances, the religious zeal that accompanies rugby in South Africa exceeds even the die-hard football supporter in the UK or the gridiron fan in the US.
I would specifically point to the Springbok tour of New Zealand in as perhaps a key turning point in the anti-apartheid movement. One must remember that while the rest of the world had seen and heard about conditions and violence in major media outlets happening in South Africa since the Soweto uprisings inwhite South Africans were not seeing these same images for the most part.
The state-run broadcasting companies made little mention of events in the townships and when they did there was considerable propaganda and racism in the way they were reported. However, South Africans grew up with this style of journalism since beforeand many accepted the news reports as truth.
It was when their national rugby team was vilified to such an extent in New Zealand that questions began to emerge about what was actually occurring in their own country. There is an important victim mentality that permeates Afrikaner history, much of it based on racist views of blacks from the treks across South Africa in the s and dealings with the British Empire.
Thus the subsequent loss of any opponent willing to play the Springboks caused an impact on Afrikaners that Westerners cannot fully appreciate My use of Westerners is in regards to Europeans and Americans, as there is no such term for defining those two groups exclusively I will continue to use Westerners, even though for the most part South Africa is considered a Western nation.
Therefore I would conclude that the sports boycott is an understated factor in the fall of apartheid and should be included in any discussion. However, keep in mind that this was the result of a sanctions movement, though I see no evidence that even those executing the actions of banning South African sports teams from international competition could understand or foresee the results.
This is an important factor in future sanctions debate.The emergence of South Africa's democracy in the s The crisis of apartheid in the s. Factors contributing to the crisis: * A global economic crisis: In the s there was a global economic crisis.
As a result, the South African currency lost value, the gold price dropped; unemployment and inflation rates were high.
Lockyer, Brian. "The Factors That Led to the Downfall of Apartheid in South Africa." Find A-Level Coursework and Essays Help from Marked By attheheels.com N.p., 5 Sept. Web. 02 Dec. "The End of Apartheid - HistoryWiz South Africa." The End of Apartheid - HistoryWiz South Africa.
N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. Nelson Mandela’s role in bringing Apartheid to an end was very important, however, there were many other factors that contributed to the ending of Apartheid.
The African National Congress, also known as the ANC, was a major factor in ending Apartheid. Journalof Politicaland Military Sociology Contents Volume 27,No.1 (Summer) racial state. Before , the apartheid system had undergone some liberalization (Lundahletal):theAfricanNationalCongress (ANC)and South African rulers would only end apartheid when they saw no other alternative.
ch STUDY. PLAY. All of the following were factors that led to the creation of the Organization of African Unity except. The two leaders who ended the apartheid regime without major bloodshed in South africa were.
F.W. de Klerk and Nelson Mandela. 8 thoughts on “ The Interconnected Socio-Economic Factors of the Collapse of Apartheid in South Africa ” South Africa on May 2, at said: It was one of the first and most violent demonstrations against apartheid in South Africa.