The transfers are facilitated by sending money through banks, making investments in the home country, or by returning to the home country while retaining bank accounts and other assets in the United States.
Until aboutthe Roman Catholic population of the United States was a small minority of mostly English Catholics, who were often quite socially accomplished. But when several years of devastating potato famine led millions of Irish Catholics to flee to the United States in the mid s, the face of American Catholicism began to change drastically and permanently.
In the space of fifty years, the Catholic population in the United States suddenly transformed from a tight-knit group of landowning, educated aristocrats into an incredibly diverse mass of urban and rural immigrants who came from many different countries, spoke different languages, held different social statuses, and emphasized different parts of their Catholic heritage.
In Catholics made up only five percent of the total U. When your students hear the enormity of the demographic and religious shift caused by immigration, they will start to understand why so many American citizens became uneasy about the so-called "Catholic hordes.
Why did things change? Why did so many Catholics come to the United States at this time?
Why did the country take them? To answer these questions, you might paint for your students a scene or two of the broad Western-hemisphere trend towards economic and social "modernization. A new managerial "middle class" of clerks and bureaucrats was prospering in the cities, but thousands of peasants were displaced from their land and labor by new farming techniques.
The country had a growing world reputation for democratic ideals and work opportunity. For these peoples, as well as for French Canadian Catholics to the north of the United States and Mexican Catholics to the south, the chance for a new life free of poverty and oppression was too good to pass up.
Millions of sons, fathers, and later whole families left behind their former lives and possessions and boarded crowded ships sailing for New York. America, for its part, docked ship after ship at Ellis Island for both idealistic and practical reasons.
The motto on the Statue of Liberty, "Give Me Your Tired, Your Poor," exemplified the strong tie between immigration and freedom in the national imagination.
Immigration was supposed to be beneficial to the immigrant and to the country, but it also unleashed many fears, insecurities, and troubles on both sides. It might be a good idea to brainstorm with your students about the positive and negative FEELINGS that both natives and immigrants could have experienced at the time.
Let them also imagine what it might have felt like for those already living in America, who saw their cities change so quickly: Immigration is, of course, still very much a part of the American reality and public debate. Some of your students may be Catholic themselves and may be surprised to hear of the former low status of the "assimilated" religion they know.
Some of your students may know of immigration from firsthand experience, being immigrants or children of immigrants themselves. Others may know about immigration from news reports or experiences with neighbors. Their experience of the present realities can help them understand the past, and vice versa.
The immigrants held onto Catholicism for spiritual comfort and group identity.
How did the immigrants express their feelings through their faith? How did Protestant Americans use Catholicism as a "substitute" for immigration issues? After several years in America, many Catholic immigrants became sorely disillusioned. For it was the Catholic Church, more than any other organization, that made a concerted effort to welcome the new Catholic immigrants.
Catholic citizens helped them find jobs and homes; sisters nuns taught their children English in Catholic schools; priests tried to protect their political interests and shield them from a sometimes hostile Protestant environment; the local church held religious festivals and social events.
It is important to stress that for the immigrants, the neighborhood Catholic church was not just a church; it was the focal point of a whole community, a whole way of life.
Even if the relationship between the Church and Catholic immigrants was often far from perfect, local parishes provided millions of heartbroken, homesick immigrant men and women the familiar comforts of ritual and belief that gave their world meaning.
Students should know what parts of Catholic ritual and belief set it apart from Protestant Christianity, although it should also be emphasized that there is much more continuity than difference between the two forms of Christianity. The reformers of the Protestant Reformation objected vehemently to these emphases, insisting instead on less hierarchy in church structure, the Bible rather than sacraments as the source of revelation from God, and Jesus himself as the only necessary intercessor with God the Father.The Negative Effects of Mass Immigration For decades immigrants to America were sure of two things.
Jun 20, · America is neither less safe because of immigration nor is it worse off economically. In fact, in the regions where immigrants have settled in the . What role has immigration played in the formation of America’s national identity and ideals? How have Americans understood and debated the social effects of immigration? Immigration to North America began with Spanish settlers in the 16th century, and French and English settlers in the 17th century. In the century before the American revolution, there was a major wave of free and indentured labor from England and other parts of Europe as well as large scale importation of slaves from Africa and the .
They came for the opportunity to build a better life for their families and they would not seek nor would they accept a handout. ASSESSING POTENTIAL ECOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF MUTE SWAN (CYGNUS OLOR) EXPANSION IN NORTHEASTERN NORTH AMERICA. Kristen Bell Travis MS and Erik Kiviat PhD. Hudsonia.
P.O. Box Annandale, NY Prepared for Grant & Lyons LLP Rhinebeck NY. Revised version 24 October While immigration is among the most important issues the country faces, misperceptions persist about fundamental aspects of this crucial topic—such as the size and composition of the immigrant population, how immigration affects the economy and the workforce, the budgetary impact of unauthorized immigration, why increasing numbers of.
Oct 25, · Negative Population Growth Negative Population Growth, Inc. (NPG) is a national nonprofit membership organization with over 30, members. It was founded in to educate the American public and political leaders regarding the devastating effects of overpopulation on our environment, resources, and standard of living.
Immigration to the United States is the international movement of non-U.S. nationals in order to reside permanently in the country. Lawful Immigration has been a major source of population growth and cultural change throughout much of the U.S.
history. Because the United States is a settler colonial society, all Americans, with the exception of the . Immigration to North America began with Spanish settlers in the 16th century, and French and English settlers in the 17th century.
In the century before the American revolution, there was a major wave of free and indentured labor from England and other parts of Europe as well as large scale importation of slaves from Africa and the .